Hypopterygium rotulatum (Umbrella moss)

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Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Bryophyta 
Class: Bryopsida 
Subclassis: Bryidae 
Superorder: Hypnanae 
Order: Hookeriales 
Family: Hypopterygiaceae 
Genus: Hypopterygium 
Scientific name: Hypopterygium rotulatum 
Common name: Umbrella moss 

Hypopterygium rotulatum or the Umbrella moss holds it's spreading leafy stems above a central stalk and it has a third row of smaller leaves under the stem

Botanically mosses are bryophytes, or non-vascular plants. Mosses are found chiefly in areas of dampness and low light. Mosses are common in wooded areas and at the edges of streams. The life of a moss starts from a haploid spore. The spore germinates to produce a protonema (pl. protonemata), which is either a mass of thread-like filaments or thalloid (flat and thallus-like). Moss protonemata typically look like a thin green felt, and may grow on damp soil, tree bark, rocks, concrete, or almost any other reasonably stable surface. This is a transitory stage in the life of a moss, but from the protonema grows the gametophore ("gamete-bearer") that is structurally differentiated into stems and leaves. A single mat of protonemata may develop several gametophore shoots, resulting in a clump of moss.

Unbrella mossUmbrella moss Hypopterygium filiculaeforme. . .JPG